HISTORY AND USE
Little pepper is commonly used as stimulant, laxative and condiment, it is also recommended as an anti-haemorrhoidal and sometimes anti-icic and anti-oedematous, sometimes it is added to febrifuges preparations.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PLANT
It is a sub-shrub up to 1 meter high, with oval leaves and pale white or yellow flowers, the fruits are cone-shaped, often grouped by 2 or 3 of yellow color becoming red when ripe. .
The small pepper contains carotenoids responsible for the color of the fruit and a pungent amide that rubefies the capsaicin responsible for the flavor, as well as vitamins and flavonoids.The little pepper is one of the most used condiments in Africa.The ingestion by rats of rations containing 5% chilli causes an increase in consumption of food and weight gain.The administration to humans increases by significantly in the production of hydrochloric acid from the stomach necessary for digestion.In recent publications, pepper, as well as capsaicin cause the elimination of cholesterol * and bile acids while maintaining a low rate in the Finally, capsaicin is a platelet antiagregant.
Stimulant of digestion
The chili pepper in a reasonable amount stimulates digestion and increases the consumption of food.In high doses, it can be irritating to the stomach and cause ulcers.
Chili can be used in plasters in rheumatism and neuralgia.